Branding day is often an anticipated neighborhood event for North Dakota producers. As pastures green and turnout approaches, many producers enlist the help of neighbors and friends for branding day.
North Dakota Stockmen's Association (NDSA) brand officials are offering tips to accomplish the goal of producing crisp, clear images that leave no doubt concerning the ownership of your livestock. Stan Misek, NDSA chief brand inspector, said branding season is a critical time for producers to leave a lasting image that will serve as proof of ownership for the life of their animals.
A poorly applied brand or a blotched brand does little good.
"Blotched brands don't do any of us any good," said Norbert Gangl, NDSA brand inspector at Kist Livestock in Mandan, N.D. "If a brand isn't clear, it often leads to a hold at the auction market while inspectors track back the paperwork and make the proper identification needed to clear the animal. Taking your time while branding can help you avoid that situation."
Misek, Gangl and Rachael Preusse, NDSA brand recorder, suggest the following tips to yield clear, legible brands and avoid blotches on branding day:
1) Enlist an experienced crew
Even the best brand can be ruined if the iron is applied incorrectly. Those with the most experience behind an iron should be the ones applying brands. There is plenty of work for those with less experience - roping, wrestling, holding, sorting or running cattle through the chute. A quick refresher course for helpers about the location and position of the brand before the project begins is always helpful.
Mistakes do happen, especially with a large crew, a lot of work and a corral full of bawling calves, Misek said. If your calf is mistakenly branded in the wrong location, the iron is turned incorrectly at application or you encounter another problem, call the NDSA office at (701) 223-2522 as soon as possible for assistance.
2) Heat irons until they are wood-ash gray.
Irons will turn this color when they are at the optimal temperature for branding hides.
3) Keep the hides dry.
Branding irons work best on dry hides. If there is a possibility of rain on branding day, move the project inside if possible. If moving the project inside isn't practical, take precautionary measures, such as keeping the cattle inside before branding or moving cattle to a sheltered area for branding.
4) Clip the animal before branding when practical.
Clipping the hair where the brand goes before applying the iron will help you yield a clear, crisp brand. Often producers don't have the time to clip the hide of a couple hundred calves prior to branding, but when it is practical, clipping the site of the brand is beneficial. Clipping eliminates an added layer the branding iron otherwise needs to burn through.
5) Apply the iron only until the hide is buckskin color.
Less exposure will not burn deep enough. Longer exposure will cause the heat to erode the brand boundaries, blotch and blister. If you notice blisters on the animals immediately after you brand them, you are holding the iron to the hide too long.
6) If the animal moves before you are done branding, reapply the iron.
Instead of holding the iron in place and smearing the brand, give the animal a moment to relax and try again.
7) Keep the iron clean.
Irons can build up layers of charred hair and debris and compromise the crispness and cleanness of the brand's lines. Periodically cleaning the iron with a wire brush will help.
8) Use the appropriate size iron.
There are no legal requirements dictating the size of branding irons you must use, but the NDSA generally recommends that, for older animals, characters are at least 4 inches in length and have a 3/8-inch face. For calves, a 3-inch-character iron should be adequte, unless it has many intersections and small spaces.
9) If you brand on the hip, keep the brand up high.
When you register a hip brand, you have the right to the whole hip. Avoid placing your brand low on the leg, where it is hard to read and is easily covered with mud and manure.
10) Consider the likelihood of blotching before you register a brand.
Because of their intersecting lines, brands containing Bs, 8s and Rs are most susceptible to blotching because there is so much heat concentrated in a small area. Therefore, select brands carefully. What looks nice on paper may not look nice in practice.